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10月29日學術報告:薛定諤的貓與他的時間無關量子世界

來源: 發布時間:2019-10-28 15:01:00

報告題目:薛定諤的貓與他的時間無關量子世界(Schrdinger's Cat and His Timeless (t=0) Quantum World 

主講人:Francis T. S. Yu(楊振寰)教授 

報告時間:20181029日(周二)上午1000 

報告地點:二號樓208室(編輯部會議室) 

Biography: Francis T.S. Yu is an Evan Pugh Emeritus Professor of Electrical Engineering at The Pennsylvania State University, University Park. The author and co-author of twelve books and co edited of four books. He is a Life Fellow of The IEEE, The OSA and The SPIE. Dr. Yu was the 2004 Dennis Gabor Award winner of The International Society for Optical Engineering and the co-recipient of The IEEE 1998 Donald G. Fink Prize Award, and 2016 Emmitt Leith Medal of The Optical Society of America.  Dr. Yu received his Ph. D. degree (1964) in electrical engineering from The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. He has published over 300 refereed papers in various technical journals and the recipient of The 1993 Premier Research Award of the Penn State Engineering Society and the 1993 Faculty Scholar Medal at Penn State University. He is an Honorary Professor of The National Chiao Tung University (Taiwan), The Nankai University (China) and others.   

Abstract: One the most famous cats in science must be the Schrdinger’s cat in quantum mechanics, in which the cat can be either alive or dead at the same time, unless we look into the Schrdinger’s box. The life of Schrdinger’s cat has been puzzling the quantum physicists for over eight decades as Schrdinger disclosed it in 1935. In this article, I will show that the paradox of the cat’s life is primarily due to the underneath subspace in which the hypothetical subatomic model is submerged within a timeless empty subspace (i.e., t = 0). And this is the atomic model that all the particle physicists, quantum scientists and engineers had been using for over a century, since Niles Bohr’s proposed in 1913. However the universe (our home) is a temporal space (i.e., t > 0) and it does not allow any timeless subspace in it. I will show that by immersing the subatomic model into a temporal subspace, instead a timeless subspace, the situation is different. I will show that Schrdinger’s cat can only either alive or dead, but not at the same time, regardless we look into or not look into the Schrdinger’s box. Since the whole quantum space is timeless (i.e., t = 0), we will show that, the fundamental superposition principle fails to exist within our temporal space but only existed within a timeless virtual space. This is by no means of saying that timeless quantum space is a useless subspace. On the contrary it has produces numerous numbers of useful solutions for practical application, as long the temporal or causality condition (i.e., t > 0) is not the issue.  In short, we found the hypothesis of Schrdinger’s cat is not a physical realizable postulation and his quantum mechanics is timeless behaves like mathematics does. In which we see that his fundamental principle is timeless and not existed within our temporal universe.  

摘要:科學界最著名的貓必須是薛定諤的量子力學中的貓,假設我們不觀察薛定諤的盒子,那么它可能既存活也死亡。自1935年薛定諤提出它以來的80多年里,薛定諤貓的生死一直困擾著量子物理學家。在本文中,我將闡述貓的生死悖論主要是由于假設條件使用了處于時間無關的子空間(即t=0)中的原子模型,該模型自1913年波爾提出以來被粒子物理學家、量子科學家和工程師廣泛使用。然而,宇宙(我們所處之處)是一個時序空間(即,t>0),其中不存在任何時間無關的子空間。我將表明,通過將原子模型從時間無關的子空間改變至時序子空間中時,情況會發生變化。而且無論是否觀察薛定諤的盒子,薛定諤的貓只能存活或者死亡,而不能同時具有兩種狀態。由于整個量子空間是時間無關的(即,t=0),我們可以看到,基本的疊加原理并不存在于我們的時序空間,而只存在于與時間無關的虛擬空間。這絕不表示與時間無關的量子空間毫無用處。相反,在不涉及時間或因果關系條件(即t>0)的時候,它為實際應用產生了許多有用的解。 簡而言之,我們發現薛定諤貓的假設在物理上不可實現,他的量子力學如同數學一樣是時間無關的。我們可以得知他的基本原理是與時間無關的,所以在我們的時間宇宙中不存在。 

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